Grotius, Hugo

   Philosopher and Jurist.
   Grotius had a legal training at the University of Leyden. He served in various political positions and in 1613 he became Pensionary of Rotterdam. As an Arminian, he supported Oldenbarnevelt against the Calvinist Prince Maurice and he was sent to prison for life in 1618. However, in 1621 he escaped to Paris where for a period he served as an ambassador for Queen Christina of Switzerland. He is remembered for his De Iure Belli et Pacis and for his De Veritate Religionis Christianae. This last was intended as a handbook for missionaries confronted by other faiths. Grotius defended the rationality of Christianity and he maintained that the law of nature, which is derived from the will of God, can be known by human beings. His theory of the atonement anticipated that of the liberals of the nineteenth century in that he argued that Jesus’s death was a penal example by which God upholds the moral order of the universe.
   W.S.M. Knight, The Life and Works of Hugo Grotius (1925).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Grotius, Hugo — orig. Huigh de Groot born April 10, 1583, Delft, Neth. died Aug. 28, 1645, Rostock, Mecklinburg Schwerin Dutch jurist, humanist, and poet. He enrolled at Leiden University at age 11 and as a teenager accompanied Johan van Oldenbarnevelt on a… …   Universalium

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  • Grotius, Hugo — (1583–1645) Dutch philosopher of law. Grotius is the father of modern international law, and developed many of the building blocks for subsequent attempts to establish an international order. Born in Delft, he lived through the Thirty Years War,… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Grotius,Hugo — Gro·ti·us (grōʹshē əs, shəs), Hugo. Originally Huig de Groot. 1583 1645. Dutch jurist, politician, and theologian whose major work Of the Law of War and Peace (1625) is considered the first comprehensive treatise on international law. * * * …   Universalium

  • GROTIUS, HUGO —    or HUIG VAN GROOT    a celebrated Dutch jurist and theologian, born at Delft; studied at Leyden under Scaliger, and displayed an extraordinary precocity in learning; won the patronage of Henri IV. while on an embassy to France; practised at… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • GROTIUS, Hugo — (1583 1645)    Dutch theologian and jurist who pioneered BIBLICAL CRITICISM and religious liberty. His greatest theological work was his De Veritate Religionis Christianae (1622) which was intended as an handbook for MISSIONARIES to refute all… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Гроций, Гуго де Гроот (Grotius, Hugo de Groot) — (1583—1645), голландский юрист, социолог и государственный деятель, один из основоположников теории естественного права и науки международного права. Основные труды по — «Свободное море» (1609) и «О праве войны и мира» (1625) …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

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  • Hugo Grotius — – Portrait von Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt, 1631 Hugo Grotius, niederländisch Huigh oder Hugo de Groot (* 10. April 1583 in Delft (Niederlande); † 28. August …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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